Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than 70 per cent of the population make their living by smallholder farming. Government programmes and bi‑ or multilateral programmes often do not aim at improving the living conditions of these people, but mainly benefit investors in agro-industrial agriculture. This leads to people being expelled from the lands many of them have been farming for generations. Especially in the fertile areas with enough rain water supply, the land is under increasing commercial pressure.

Welthaus supports the population in defending their right to land and thus their source of life. Improved agriculture techniques help people sustainably upgrade their diet.